Metal and Leather Catcher's Mask c.1920
This is an original vintage catcher's mask. The main body is distressed metal with thick, leather padding and fabric head strap. The padding is held onto the body of the mask by leather straps and brass snaps. The piece has retained most of it's original finish and is in good condition with appropriate patina for its age.
- CREATOR unknown.
DATE OF MANUFACTURE c.1920.
MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES Steel, Leather, Brass.
- CONDITION Good. Wear consistent with age and use. One strap is broken. The brown leather straps may or may not have been replaced sometime in its life time.
- DIMENSIONS H 11 in. W 9 in. D 5 in.
Masks were more obviously a protective device. Probably the first one was invented by an Ivy League man, Fred Thayer, who in 1876 adapted a fencing mask for Alexander Tyng, then with the Harvard Nine. At first, Thayer’s better mouse trap was derisively called a rat trap. But the catcher’s mask caught on quickly among pros and amateurs alike and was in wide use by the 1880s.
Thayer’s patented mask (patent 200,358) went into the Spalding catalog for the 1878 season, and adaptations followed quickly. Its simple forehead and chin rests were embellished with padding—made from “imported dog skin,” according to one Spalding catalog— to insulate the steel-mesh frame from the catcher’s face.
The “platform mask,” a one-piece aluminum casting with horizontal crossbars instead of soldered mesh, was patented by umpire James E. Johnstone in 1921. Mesh still evolved, though, getting springy, shock-absorbing action and ball-deflecting shapes in the 1920s. One such mask designed by H. Goldsmith in 1923 had a padded “oval surround” with two cross bars. Other mask materials have come along, but carbon-steel wire mesh remains the material of choice to this day.