American Frouse Anatomical Chart c.1918



This is an early 20th c. anatomical chart of the human skull. The chart was manufactured in 1918. It is also signed in three places "Max Brodel 1919" of Jon Hopkins university who is considered the father of modern medical illustration.  The chart has retained much of its original color with minor wear.

  • CREATOR A.J. Nystrom & Co. Publishers, Chicago.
  • MATERIALS AND TECHNIQUES Paper on Linen, Wood.
  • CONDITION Good. Wear consistent with age and use.
  • DIMENSIONS H 74 in. W 42 in. (Poll W 48") D 1.5 in.


Max Brödel, a young artist from Leipzig, Germany, was hired at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1894, where he illustrated an operative textbook of gynecology for Howard A. Kelly. Although Brödel did not have any formal medical training, he quickly acquired knowledge of anatomy, pathology, physiology, and surgery. Brödel's extraordinary illustrations were characterized by an aerial perspective that conveyed the surgeon's operative viewpoint and precise surgical anatomy. He masterfully incorporated tissue realism with cross-sectional anatomy to accentuate concepts while maintaining topographical accuracy.

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